Volvo has began testing vehicles with gasoline cells powered by hydrogen

In response to Volvo Vehicles, gasoline cells for the autos shall be supplied by cellcentric, a three way partnership with Daimler Truck that was established in March 2021.

Tomohiro Ohsumi | Bloomberg | Getty Photos

Volvo Vehicles stated Monday that it had begun to check autos that use “gasoline cells powered by hydrogen,” with the Swedish agency claiming their vary might lengthen to as a lot as 1,000 kilometers, or a little bit over 621 miles.

In a press release, Gothenburg-headquartered Volvo Vehicles stated refueling of the autos would take below quarter-hour. Buyer pilots are set to start within the subsequent few years, with commercialization “deliberate for the latter a part of this decade.”

Gas cells for the autos shall be supplied by cellcentric, a three way partnership with Daimler Truck that was established in March 2021.

“Hydrogen-powered gasoline cell electrical vehicles shall be particularly appropriate for lengthy distances and heavy, energy-demanding assignments,” Roger Alm, president of Volvo Vehicles, stated.

Alongside hydrogen gasoline cell autos, Volvo Vehicles — which is a part of the Volvo Group — has additionally developed battery-electric vehicles.

Learn extra about electrical autos from CNBC Professional

The electrification of long-haul, heavy-duty vehicles poses its personal distinctive set of challenges. The Worldwide Vitality Company’s International EV Outlook for 2021 has described long-haul trucking as needing “superior applied sciences for top energy charging and/or massive batteries.”

Competitors throughout the sector has elevated lately. Volvo Vehicles’ deal with zero-emission applied sciences will put it in competitors with firms like Tesla and JV companion Daimler Truck, that are each growing electrical vehicles.

Like Volvo Vehicles, Daimler Truck is specializing in each battery-electric and hydrogen autos.

In an interview with CNBC final 12 months Martin Daum, chairman of the board of administration at Daimler Truck, was requested in regards to the debate between battery-electric and hydrogen gasoline cell.

“We go for each as a result of each … make sense,” he replied, earlier than explaining how totally different applied sciences could be applicable in several situations.

“Basically, you possibly can say: Should you go to metropolis supply the place you want decrease quantities of vitality in there, you possibly can cost in a single day in a depot, then it is definitely battery electrical,” he stated.

“However the second you are on the highway, the second you go from Stockholm to Barcelona … for my part, you want one thing which you’ll be able to transport higher and the place you possibly can refuel higher and that’s in the end H2.”

“The ruling just isn’t out, however I believe it is too dangerous for an organization our measurement to go together with only one expertise.”

Learn extra about vitality from CNBC Professional

Whereas there’s pleasure in some quarters in regards to the potential of hydrogen-powered autos, there are hurdles relating to increasing the sector, some extent acknowledged by Volvo Vehicles on Monday.

It pointed to challenges together with the “large-scale provide of inexperienced hydrogen” in addition to “the truth that refueling infrastructure for heavy autos is but to be developed.”

Described by the IEA as a “versatile vitality provider,” hydrogen has a various vary of purposes and will be deployed in a variety of industries.

It may be produced in a lot of methods. One methodology contains utilizing electrolysis, with an electrical present splitting water into oxygen and hydrogen.

If the electrical energy used on this course of comes from a renewable supply resembling wind or photo voltaic then some name it “inexperienced” or “renewable” hydrogen. At present, the overwhelming majority of hydrogen era is predicated on fossil fuels.

Final week, Volvo Development Gear, which can be a part of the Volvo Group, stated it had commenced testing of a “gasoline cell articulated hauler prototype.”

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