Pfizer says third Covid vaccine shot for teenagers below 5 is 80% efficient in opposition to omicron

A healthcare employee administers a Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine to a baby at vaccination web site in San Francisco, California, US, on Monday, Jan. 10, 2022.

David Paul Morris | Bloomberg | Getty Photographs

Pfizer and BioNTech’s three-dose Covid vaccine for youngsters six months to 5-years-old was 80% efficient at stopping sickness through the omicron wave, in line with medical trial outcomes launched Monday.

A 3rd dose of the vaccine elicited a robust immune response and was effectively tolerated by the children with a majority of the unwanted side effects delicate to average, in line with the businesses.

BioNTech CEO Ugur Sahin stated the businesses plan this week to finish their utility asking the Meals and Drug Administration to authorize the vaccine. Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla stated he hopes the vaccine can be accessible to youthful children as quickly as attainable.

The protection knowledge relies on 1,678 youngsters below age 5 who acquired a 3rd shot not less than two months after the second dose when omicron was the primary variant in circulation. Pfizer examined a subset of kids to find out the immune response of kids below age 5.

Youngsters below age 5 obtain 3-microgram pictures, one-tenth the dosage stage for adults.

Pfizer and the Meals and Drug Administration had initially sought to fast-track authorization of the primary two doses in February so dad and mom might begin getting their children vaccinated whereas medical trial outcomes from the third shot have been nonetheless pending.

Nonetheless, Pfizer delayed its utility to attend on knowledge from the third dose after the primary two pictures have been solely 30% to 40% efficient, Bourla stated in a podcast interview final month.

Youngsters below age 5 are the one group within the US that isn’t but eligible for vaccination. Dad and mom have been ready months for the FDA to authorize the pictures.

In the course of the large wave of omicron an infection through the winter, youngsters youthful than age 5 have been hospitalized with Covid at 5 instances the speed of the pandemic peak, in line with the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention. About 75% of children below age 11 had been contaminated with Covid as of February, in line with CDC knowledge.

Moderna has additionally requested the FDA to authorize its two-dose vaccine for youngsters below age 6. Its vaccine was about 51% efficient in opposition to an infection from omicron in youngsters below age 2, and about 37% efficient for teenagers ages 2 to below 6-years -old. Nonetheless, Moderna stated the antibody ranges induced by the vaccine ought to translate into excessive ranges of safety in opposition to extreme sickness.

The FDA’s committee of impartial vaccine specialists plans to satisfy in June to contemplate Pfizer and Moderna’s purposes, with tentative dates set for June 8, 21 and 22. Bourla has stated he hopes Pfizer’s vaccine for teenagers below 5 will obtain authorization in June.

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